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17 June 2012

We often read or hear that term much used in the textile industry, but sometimes there are some terms which we do not understand the real meaning. Know the true meaning of all terms would be better for us, add insight and knowledge, even though we are not the one who is going out for business or job, but there is no harm if we know and never knew those terms.In this post I try to convey some of the terms commonly used in the textile industry, only a few terms only, because in fact there are many other terms that I can not input into the current post, these terms are:

woven cloth, now used for scope:
1. Processing yarn fibers into cloth, or for the preparation
    woven, knitted, or nonwoven fabric.
2. yarn production
3. production of fabric
4. Apparel production process
    and other goods made ​​from fibers, yarns, fabrics or when the product maintains
   Characteristics of flexibility and the curtain of the original fabric.
5. The term is often used as a sign or type of business or industry kategory, occupation or type of goods that are all related to fibers and fabrics.

PRINTING: A process for making patterns on the fabric yarns, fabrics or carpets with one of the large number of the printing process. Color or other treating material, usually in the form of pasta,
printed on the fabric with the heat, usually steam, chemical process, or fixation.

TEXTILE MATERIALS: This term is identical for the fibers, yarns, threads, fabrics.
TEXTILE PROCESSING: The process or the operation of mechanical processing for fiber or yarn into textiles cloth or other textile materials. This includes operations such as

carding, quilling, beaming, spinning,plying, twisting, texturing, coning, slashing, weaving, and knitting.

WEAVING: The method or process of knitting or weaving several strands of yarns of different materials such that they cross each other at right angles to produce woven fabric. Warp yarns, or ends, run lengthwise in cloth, and fill yarns, or picks, run from side to side. Weaving can be done with traditional means,such as fabric ulos weaving or songket woven fabric from Indonesia.

NONWOVEN FABRICS: A form of textile fibers produced from mechanical interlocking. combining of fiber (in the case of thermoplastic fibers), or with
ties with the hardening media such as starch, glue, casein, rubber, latex, or one
cellulose derivatives or synthetic resin.

NONWOVEN fabrics are used for items that are often discarded after use, such as napkins, diapers,
cloth, as a base material for coated fabrics, and in many other applications.

WOVEN FABRIC: used to refer to goods consisting of two sets of yarn, woven form, which is a set of interwoven threads, webbing. However, there are also fabrics produced from the composition of plaiting three or more threads. Because there are many constructions of woven fabric composed of an infinite number of threads.
This term is the product for clothing and other equipment that is often used by humans to activities, such as fabric produced specifically for the apparel and fashion.

DYEING: It is a process for coloring fibers, yarns, or fabrics, with natural or synthetic dyes.
Some of the major dyeing processes are described as follows:

-Batik: fabric dyeing process design motifs that were previously coated with wax; during
           dyeing process, only the wax-covered fabric that can not absorb color when dyeing.

-Chain Dyeing: A method of dyeing yarn and cloth by tying a thread from one side to the other,
                         and coloring done by walking from one side to the other.

Printing is included in this process.

Rotary: A molding tool having a cylindrical hole, the tool is used to print the design pattern that has  
been stored on the surface of the screen cylinder, operated by using a printing press with a capacity of up to 12 colors. for each color is a spin on cloth screen.Screen tune with the speed of the fabric that runs underneath it.
Screen Frame. Molding tool is made of fine fabric, usually
of silk or nylon, which has pores are very fine, the main function of this tool is the same as that for rotary screen printing onto fabric pattern design.
The difference is in the process of printing, Screen Frame is used by way of simultaneous or staged, just printing according to the size of the screen.Screen frames are also in use for medium industries, such as screen printing for t-shirts, or printing to the field in limited sizes.

SILK FIBER: Fiber yarn produced from insect larvae, while it is in the process of building a chrysalis.Or we often hear the silkworm silk. Silkworm silk thick discharge coming out of two large glands in the lateral part of the body.Fluid is extruded throught common spinneret to form multiple filaments. This double silk filament has a fiber content of protein. Silk is famous for its strength, flexibility, and elasticity. Main sources silk trade is Japan and China.

RAYON FIBER: It is the fiber yarns which are produced from the regeneration selulosa.rayon
fibers, including yarns and fibers made ​​by the viscose process, the cuprammonium process,
disaponifikasi acetate and nitrocellulose. Cellulose rayon fibers derived from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other.

POLYESTER FIBER: fiber yarns which are produced from a series of synthetic polymers. consists of at least 85% ester of dihydric alcohol and terephthalic acid. Polymers produced from the reaction of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid or its derivatives.The fiber in the form of produce filaments.
POLYESTER FIBER production processes like nylon. Polymerization process using a high temperature.

COTTON FIBER: fiber yarns made of many cells naturally, as it is taken
of plants.

edpeny Art design-textile design-Bandung-Indonesia
 dyeing, fabric, nonwoven, polyester, printing, rayon fiber, screen, silk fiber, Textile processing, textile term, The term is often used in the textile industry, weaving, woven, woven or knitted

2 komentar:

Pa Ul said...

nice post about textile :)

edpeny said...

hi..Pa UI..Thank You

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